April 23, 2012 Leave a comment
One of the cool things about Visual Studio is that it hides much of the project deployment and configuration from the developer. For example, if you create a new console project in Visual Studio 2010, type in a couple lines of code, and hit Run (F5), things just work. You get a .exe created and it runs.
Microsoft does a good job explaining all that is going on here. If you haven’t read through these posts, I highly recommend that you do – you can understand the magic that is going on. There are some conventions that Visual Studio uses that are not necessarily documented clearly. Note that I am using C#.
When you create a new Console project, Visual Studio places a directory on your file system that you specify in the Location text box.
In that directory, it creates a .csproj file, a Program.cs file, and 3 directories.
If you open bin, there is a folder called Debug and in that folder, there are these files that VS2010 created for you:
These files are the linkers between your soon-to-be-running .exe and visual studio – it associates VS2010 debugging with your project. A full explanation can be found here. If you double-click on it (it is a .exe after all)…. Nothing happens.
The obj folder has a series of subfolders and 1 file:
The stuff in the obj folder is none of your concern. It is the place where Visual Studio 2010 takes your source files and creates a working assembly. If you open the .cache file in notepad, you get semi-readable stuff:
In any event. the last folder, Properities, contains code files that you can update. In this case, it contains a file called AssemblyInfo. This file contains meta data about your application. If you open it in notepad, it looks like this:
You can enter info there, or you can use that fancy-pants IDE VS2010 via the Properties Page->AssemblyInformation button:
However, once you alter it via VS2010, the Properties file does not reflect it until you save the file…
The last stop on this little tour is the .csproj file. This file is actually a MSBuild file – which means
1) It is well-formed XML
2) It is really hard to read
Most of the projects that I see that are in trouble suffer from dependency bloat – they rely on tons and tons of 3rd party libraries (each versioned differently), other parts of the .NET framework, etc.. The .csproj file is where VS2010 keeps tracks of these dependencies. This is also where VS2010 keeps tracks of all of those code files that you create/write that vshost uses.
Next, in the build tab of the project properties, there is an Output Path field. The default is bin\Debug.
This is where VS2010 (vshost actually) actually creates the .exe. The reason I bring this up is that if you have 3rd party components that your application is using that are not in the GAC, VS2010 attempts to build those .dlls and place them in the same directory as the running .exe (assuming you had it marked as Copy Local)
If you don’t want VS2010 to put the dependent .dlls, mark them as copy local – false and have them placed in the output directory manually.
Anyway – hope this helped someone – it certainly helped me…